The Filipino State – Another Way of looking at Philippine History

from: Philippine Studies

by: Guillermo Gomez Rivera – Friday, April 18th, 2008

Part 1: What is a ‘state’?
Part 2: When was the origin, or birth of the Filipino state?
Part 3: What was the status of the Filipino state in 1571?
Part 4: The integration of the pre-Hispanic ethnic states
Part 5: Maturity of the Filipino state in 1898
Part 6: 1900: The Filipino people was deprived of its own state
Part 7: Was the Filipino state mortgaged and hocked? Was it grossly betrayed? Will the Filipinos remain to be stateless even in their own country?

Part 1


1.  What is a ‘state’?

A small dictionary defines state as “a territory with laws”.

The word “laws” in this definition naturally implies that there are people living in that “territory”. This also means that the “territory” is the patrimony of the people living in it for which they have laws.

And the very fact that a territory has its own laws, it also implies that it has a basic attribute of sovereignty to make such laws for itself.

Thus, the word “laws” in this definition also implies that there is a government, with defending soldiers or policemen, existing in the same and referred to territory that enforces those laws upon the people living in it.

That government may be monarchial because the ruler is a Chieftain or a King or by whatever title such a ruler may be called.

Let us now find out the origin and evolution of the State that locals, as well as foreigners, now call as the Filipino State. Ang Estado ng Filipinas.